- Export an existing activity as a SCORM 1.3 package.
- Import to Moodle as a SCORM package.
The ActivityMaker template in LodeStar 7 features many page layout types. The question relates to the Simple Question page layout, which supports two, three and four choices (also known as distractors).
There is another option.
The most common page layout type is the ‘Text’ layout. This page type offers the ability for instructors to intersperse textual descriptions with interactive multiple choice, multiple select and true/false questions.
The advantage of creating questions on the ‘Text’ page is that the question stem (i.e. the question) can be of any length accompanied by any number of distractors (i.e. choices) of any length. The question stem can include an image or math formula and distractors can be images or include images.
Use the following mark-up format:
Mark up question stems with <s>
Mark up distractors with <d>
Mark up the right answers with an asterisk *
Assign a number of points to the page. Please note that wrong answers get subtracted from right answers.
For example, a page has eight distractors with 5 right answers among them. The page totals 10 points. LodeStar automatically distributes the points across all questions and all right answers. If a student checked off one answer incorrectly, the student would receive 6. (Each right answer would be worth 2 points. 4 right answers would equal 8 points. 1 wrong answer would subtract 2 points, for a total of 6 points.)
Here is an example of the mark-up. Note the asterisk to mark right answers. This mark-up will get displayed as choices with checkboxes.
<s>Choose all of the names below that belong to Canadian Prime Ministers
<d>* John A. MacDonald
<d>*Lester B. Pearson
You have used LodeStar to present questions with point values. (Each question allows you to assign a point value.) Now you want to see the student performance data in your learning management system.
LodeStar reports to the learning management system through SCORM. SCORM is a specification that enables instructors to focus on their work while letting the tool gather up the data and send it to the learning management system through standard methods.
LodeStar uses SCORM to report to learning management systems such as Desire2Learn, Moodle and Blackboard. These management systems are all SCORM conformant.
A LodeStar activity reports to the learning management system when it encounters a Report page. In other words, in order to get LodeStar to report to the LMS, you must include a Report page. If you have multiple report pages, the last report page overwrites the others.
A Report Page is a layout type in certain templates such as ActivityMaker. The simplest scenario is to present some information, ask some questions with point values, and then display a report page. This will show the user what will be reported to the LMS.
When a LodeStar activity is being previewed by an instructor, it simply displays the point value earned. For example, 20/40. However, when the same activity is played back from a learning management system, it reports that score to the system.
What the learning management system chooses to do with that data varies from system to system. For example, Desire2Learn reports the score to the associated gradebook item. Other articles give step by step directions on how Desire2Learn handles the grading.
You will most likely need to consult with the learning management system documentation, ask your site administrator or search on the web on how to either access the SCORM report or to record the data to the gradebook.
For Moodle users, the following is an excerpt from Moodle 2.6 documentation:
Some SCORM packages report both cmi.core.lesson_status and cmi.core.score.raw. Others report only cmi.core.lesson_status, or only cmi.core.score.raw. The Grading Method setting for SCORM objects is meant to account for that.
If you have the Grading Method set to Highest grade, Average grade, or Sum grade, and your learning object does not report a score, only, cmi.core.lesson_status, then there will be no numerical score to pass to the gradebook.
If your SCOs do not report cmi.core.score.raw, then the best Grading Method setting is Learning Objects. This reports either a 1 or a 0 as a score for each learning object. The gradebook value for that SCORM activity is the percent of scos in the package for which learners got a 1.
On the other hand, if your SCOs do not report a lesson_status, then select one of the score-based Grading Method options, such as Highest grade, Average grade, or Sum grade, and not Learning Objects. [THIS IS WHAT YOU SHOULD DO FOR LODESTAR ACTIVITIES.]
If you do not know what your SCOs are reporting to the LMS, then run them through to completion with debugging on.
Much of the way SCORM objects are graded is controlled inside the SCORM Authoring process before it is packaged for use in an LMS like Moodle – make sure all your grading settings are set correctly. Moodle 2.0 contains some new controls that allow a teacher to override the behaviour as set by the SCORM object to allow for greater, more flexible control.
LodeStar does report
cmi.score.min (meaning minimum possible score)
cmi.score.max (meaning maximum possible score)
cmi.score.raw (meaning what the student actually earned)
LodeStar also reports
cmi.score.scaled, which is a percentage expressed between 0 and 1.
As of Desire2Learn 10.1, this process became very simple. When you first import an ActivityMaker (LodeStar 7) object, you either create a grade book item (within the topic) or associate an existing one.
Do this by clicking on the topic title and then scrolling to the bottom of the page.
Add a grade item…
2. Click on ‘Add a grade item’. You can choose between associating to an existing grade or creating a new grade item (green plus icon).
If you don’t create a grade book item, the first time a student goes through the lesson, a grade book item gets created. This is not desirable, and D2L knows this. Gain control by either associating a grade book item (or creating one) right away, or associating none to the item.
Secondly, you should know how and when LodeStar ActivityMaker reports to D2L. Before exporting a D2L project, within the object, you must add a report page. So, if you haven’t already done this, reopen your LodeStar project, add a report page at the end (or wherever). When the program flow hits the report page, the score is sent to the grade book. If you have 100 points on your quiz, but the grade book item is 10 points, D2L will correctly scale down the score. If you make a change to a LodeStar project, be sure to export and reimport.
Lastly, in your LodeStar module, write directions to students to view the report page and then, if they have completed the activity, use the D2L interface to navigate to the next topic. (If students simply quit the browser after viewing the report page, D2L will save the score as a record, but not commit it to the grade book.) Students can avoid this by clicking on the D2L ‘Next’ arrow to navigate to the next topic.
“Exporting” means that you are ready to convert your project into a format that can be understood by such platforms as Moodle, Desire2Learn, or Blackboard.
Optionally, you can always move your project folder onto a web server and link to the ‘index.htm’ file.
LodeStar 7.0 supports Export to SCORM 1.3 (SCORM 2004, Version 3), which is the latest standard as of this writing that is prevalent in Learning Management Systems. If you export to the SCORM 1.3 export type, typically you will look for a complementary import function in your Learning Management System. Consult with your Learning Management System vendor on how to import SCORM conformant content packages.
When you export, you are exporting the current project by default.
To export, click on the ‘Export’ button at the top left of the application. Then follow these steps:
Step One: Choose the export type from the combo box. Most likely, you will see only one export type: SCORM 1.3. If SCORM 1.3 is already selected, move on to the next step:
Step Two: Fill in a title for the Module. Fill in the other fields as well.
Step Three: Note the location where the export file (a zip file) will be saved.
Step Four: Click on the ‘Create Export’ button.
Nearly instantly, LodeStar will package all of the contents of your project into a zip file with a descriptive manifest that describes the contents to the learning management system.
Your next step is to log in to your learning management system and follow the procedure for importing SCORM learning objects.
|LodeStar™||Software that helps an instructor create an interactive educational activity. An example: LodeStar provides the appropriate prompts and forms that enable an instructor to supply the information for a practice quiz.
|Star Interaction® Template or
|A Star Interaction Template® or Star, for short, helps instructors produce a game, timeline, slide show, quiz, a deck of flash cards, crossword puzzle, web quest and much more.
The short form of Star Interaction Template is Star.
A template is a file that an instructor finds under File > New or downloads from the LodeStar website. An instructor will choose the Star Interaction Template that she or he wishes to make into a project. Generally instructors build and save projects from templates.
|Project||Once an instructor chooses a Star Interaction template (Star) such as a quiz, a wizard prompts the instructor for a project name.
A project built from the template is then placed in the LodeStar projects folder.
Changes made to the project do not reflect back to the template. For example, an instructor might use the same Star Interaction template to create a history quiz project or a math quiz project.