Reporting to the Gradebook with LodeStar

You have used LodeStar to present questions with point values.  (Each question allows you to assign a point value.) Now you want to see the student performance data in your learning management system.

LodeStar reports to the learning management system through SCORM.  SCORM is a specification that enables instructors to focus on their work while letting the tool gather up the data and send it to the learning management system through standard methods.

LodeStar uses SCORM to report to learning management systems such as Desire2Learn, Moodle and Blackboard.  These management systems are all SCORM conformant.

A LodeStar activity reports to the learning management system when it encounters a Report page.  In other words, in order to get LodeStar to report to the LMS, you must include a Report page.  If you have multiple report pages, the last report page overwrites the others.

A Report Page is a layout type in certain templates such as ActivityMaker.  The simplest scenario is to present some information, ask some questions with point values, and then display a report page.  This will show the user what will be reported to the LMS.

When a LodeStar activity is being previewed by an instructor, it simply displays the point value earned.  For example, 20/40.  However, when the same activity is played back from a learning management system, it reports that score to the system.

What the learning management system chooses to do with that data varies from system to system.  For example, Desire2Learn reports the score to the associated gradebook item.  Other articles give step by step directions on how Desire2Learn handles the grading.

You will most likely need to consult with the learning management system documentation, ask your site administrator or search on the web on how to either access the SCORM report or to record the data to the gradebook.

For Moodle users, the following is an excerpt from Moodle 2.6 documentation:

Some SCORM packages report both cmi.core.lesson_status and cmi.core.score.raw. Others report only cmi.core.lesson_status, or only cmi.core.score.raw. The Grading Method setting for SCORM objects is meant to account for that.

If you have the Grading Method set to Highest grade, Average grade, or Sum grade, and your learning object does not report a score, only, cmi.core.lesson_status, then there will be no numerical score to pass to the gradebook.

If your SCOs do not report cmi.core.score.raw, then the best Grading Method setting is Learning Objects. This reports either a 1 or a 0 as a score for each learning object. The gradebook value for that SCORM activity is the percent of scos in the package for which learners got a 1.

On the other hand, if your SCOs do not report a lesson_status, then select one of the score-based Grading Method options, such as Highest grade, Average grade, or Sum grade, and not Learning Objects.  [THIS IS WHAT YOU SHOULD DO FOR LODESTAR ACTIVITIES.]

If you do not know what your SCOs are reporting to the LMS, then run them through to completion with debugging on.

Much of the way SCORM objects are graded is controlled inside the SCORM Authoring process before it is packaged for use in an LMS like Moodle – make sure all your grading settings are set correctly. Moodle 2.0 contains some new controls that allow a teacher to override the behaviour as set by the SCORM object to allow for greater, more flexible control.

LodeStar does report

cmi.score.min (meaning minimum possible score)

cmi.score.max (meaning maximum possible score)

cmi.score.raw (meaning what the student actually earned)

LodeStar also reports

cmi.score.scaled, which is a percentage expressed between 0 and 1.

 

Associating LodeStar Project to D2L Gradebook

As of Desire2Learn 10.1, this process became very simple.  When you first import an ActivityMaker (LodeStar 7) object, you either create a grade book  item (within the topic) or associate an existing one.

Do this by clicking on the topic title and then scrolling to the bottom of the page.

  1.  Look for the following information

 

Assessment

Grade

Edit assessment details

Add a grade item…

 

2. Click  on ‘Add a grade item’.  You can choose between associating to an existing grade or creating a new grade item (green plus icon).

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If you don’t create a grade book item, the first time a student goes through the lesson, a grade book item gets created.  This is not desirable, and D2L knows this.  Gain control by either associating a grade book item (or creating one) right away, or associating none to the item.

Secondly, you should know how and when LodeStar ActivityMaker reports to D2L. Before exporting a D2L project, within the object, you must add a report page.  So, if you haven’t already done this, reopen your LodeStar project, add a report page at the end (or wherever).  When the program flow hits the report page, the score is sent to the grade book.  If you have 100 points on your quiz, but the grade book item is 10 points, D2L will correctly scale down the score.  If you make a change to a LodeStar project, be sure to export and reimport.

Lastly, in your LodeStar module, write directions to students to view the report page and then, if they have completed the activity, use the D2L interface to navigate to the next topic.  (If students simply quit the browser after viewing the report page, D2L will save the score as a record, but not commit it to the grade book.) Students can avoid this by clicking on the D2L ‘Next’ arrow to navigate to the next topic.